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How Border Dispute With China, Pakistan and Nepal Will Tests Modi

India's border dispute with Pakistan, China, and Nepal often comes up, but at this time it has become a big challenge for India to get involved with the three neighbors on the border together.

The latest case is of China, where the dispute has reached a clash between the talks.

According to the Indian Army, there was a fierce struggle in the army of the two countries on Monday night in the Galvan Valley on the India-China border. 20 Indian soldiers have been killed in this. India claims that China has suffered.

But China has not yet made any official statement about it. Since this incident, tensions between the two countries have increased further. Aksai Chin had a long confrontation situation between the two countries.

How Indian PM will handle difficult times.

China alleges that India is making illegal defense-related construction in Galvan Valley in Aksai Chin, while it is a disputed area. After this, both countries started increasing the number of troops on the border.

Confrontation with Nepal and Pakistan

In recent months, tension has increased due to road construction work near the Nepal border from India. There is a confrontation between the two over Kalapani, Limpiyadhura, and Lipulekh.

Modi needs to deal with Nepal issue early to avoid three-way confrontation


Nepal says that after the removal of Article 370, the disputed places have been shown in the part of India in the new map issued by India.

After this, Nepal published a new map of the country showing these three areas on its part. This map has been approved by the lower house of the Nepali Parliament.

In India and Pakistan, there has always been tension about Kashmir. After the removal of Article 370 from Kashmir last year, the relationship between the two countries has deteriorated further.

India objected to this after the order of the Supreme Court of Pakistan for holding elections in Gilgit-Baltistan.

After this, India started telling the news of the weather of Pakistan-administered Kashmir (PoK) on the news channels. In response to this, the weather of India-administered Kashmir weather was being reported on Pakistani radio.

In this way, India is struggling with the border dispute with the three neighbors. India's Home Minister Rajnath Singh has said that there is a 'roti-beti relationship' with Nepal and the issue will be resolved through dialogue. Even after this, there is no change in the attitude of Nepal.

At the same time, on the issue of CAA and NRC, India's relations with Bangladesh were soured. Bangladesh's Foreign Minister Abdul Momin and Home Minister Asad Uzzman Khan canceled their visit to India amid protests over the citizenship law.

Tension with neighbors at the border between the fight against Corona and the declining economy has become a serious situation for India. How did these conditions become and how challenging would it be for India to deal with them?

Why tensions rose with the three neighbors at the same time?

According to Sushant Singh, an expert on defense affairs in the English newspaper Indian Express, it is time for India's foreign policy examination. The dispute with all the three countries was there for a long time, but at this time the conditions became such that it increased rapidly.

Sushant Singh says, "The situation on the Line of Control with Pakistan has been going on for the last 30-31 years. By 2015-16, the situation was normalized to some extent but after that relations have deteriorated. Constant firing on the border It continues to happen and both countries have not seen good relations for a long time. In their domestic politics, even mutual disputes become an issue. "

He says that India's disputes with China have been mild and minor. However, the controversy this time is very wide. About 200-300 km Is spread within the scope of. Where China is sitting, it was not there before. India tells him his land. India would not want tensions with China to increase, but it would be difficult for India to keep silent even after the death of soldiers. In such a situation, the interaction between the two countries is bound to be affected.

At the same time, the two countries have very cordial relations when it comes to Nepal. But, the past few years have seen tension between them.

It's quite strange that the border disputes of these countries came at the same time.


SD Muni, a former professor at Jawaharlal Nehru University and a knowledge of international affairs, says that relations between India and Nepal had soured since 2015 when India had blocked. But, there are more reasons to reach this point. China's impetus may be one reason behind this stance of Nepal. Nepal is often inclined towards China.

China wants to increase its influence in South Asia and for this, it takes the help of its economic resources and diplomacy. Since 2015, there has been a lot of estrangement between India and Nepal. China has taken advantage of this.

SD Muni explains, "China has a very old eye on Nepal. China's first communist leader and founder Mao Tse Tung said that Tibet is our palm and Ladakh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh are five fingers. We take the palm Lee and now five fingers have to be freed. In today's time, it is difficult to expand regionally so China wants to expand its influence in these areas. "

"At the same time, a new nationalism has arisen in Nepal in which a large part is anti-India. Nepal also has political reasons and so is the atmosphere outside. The influence of China, Nepali Prime Minister KP Oli's inclination towards China, and an anti-India wave, There have been many reasons why the controversy has increased. "


Old quarrel with Pakistan

BBC correspondent in Islamabad Asif Farooqi does not consider India's feud with Pakistan as big as it has been with China. However, Pakistan may get diplomatic benefits from this.

Typical Pakistan being the real pain in the ass of Indian Soldiers


He says, "The issue with Pakistan has been going on for the last 70 years. There are fluctuations in it. The talk between them has not progressed so much as between China and India."

"Pakistan can use it at the diplomatic level. As if India has become a temporary member of the UN Security Council. Pakistan can say that a country which is aggressive on its neighbors and has good relations, deserves such a big post in the UN No, this can only happen in the case of Pakistan, nothing will happen more than this. "

But, together, this problem, which has arisen on three fronts, is considered as an indicator of the failure of the Sushant Singh government's foreign policy and also a challenge.

He says that increasing China's influence in neighboring countries also shows your weak foreign policy. Now it has to be seen how the government resolves this issue between the crushing economy and the danger of coronavirus.

Is India's policy aggressive?

Be it a surgical strike on Pakistan or a deadlock with China in Doklam, it has been said that India is adopting an aggressive foreign policy.

Another side of the coin indicates that the new India hold an aggressive policy against its borders


Sushant Singh believes, "With Nepal, you can say that India has an aggressive policy. Nepal is a small country, so the influence of India is more there. In such a situation, the anger within Nepalis is that India is an elder brother and He is considered a younger brother.

"But, India has not shown any such aggression with China. Nor is there any attempt to provoke it. There is also no clarity in the current dispute with China. What objections China has and what India wants is not clearly revealed. Used to be."

China has been objecting to making Ladakh a union territory. He sometimes alleges illegal road construction near Galvan Valley in Aksai Chin.

It is also difficult to say that China is opposing India only because of Galvan valley. China is also present in places like Nathu La and Sikkim where both countries have also come face to face.

Talking about Pakistan, the government has definitely been seen to retaliate immediately in the recent past. This trend has not been before the Government of India.

What's Next For The Relations between These Countries?


Experts believe that the situation on the border with China is very serious. After 1962, there has been no death in Ladakh from either side.

After that, in the incidents that took place in Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, none of the soldiers on both sides died after 1975.

Now the death of Indian soldiers in Ladakh is a very serious and stressful issue. This will negatively impact the negotiations between India and China.

SD Muni says, "India has to start negotiating differently for the three countries. The evidence that India has in the case of Nepal is quite strong and strong. Many certificates make Nepal's side weak. Such India should talk with Nepal. "

"At the same time, talking with China should be strong at the ground level. We have had an old quarrel with Pakistan. Different methods will have to be adopted for all three."

Sushant Singh also considers them to be a politically settled issue. Right now there are talks with China at the military level but this issue will not be resolved by that. This can only be resolved at the political and diplomatic levels.

At the same time, he says, "This is a test of the foreign policy of the Government of India in the last six years. PM Narendra Modi has met Chinese President Xi Jinping twice or three times. Now it is to see that India has What is the result of the investments made in China in the past years at the diplomatic level. "

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